400 years. Let’s break those years into manageable blocks of time. Eight times fifty is equal to four hundred. 1619 – 1669 1669 – 1719 1719 – 1769 1769 – 1819 1819 – 1869 1869 – 1919 1919 – 1969 2019 What will the year 2069 look like? Before we can look forward to the […]400 Years After 1619 – 2019 — Word Grip Action Copywriting Service
400 years. Let’s break those years into manageable blocks of time. Eight times fifty is equal to four hundred.
- 1619 – 1669
- 1669 – 1719
- 1719 – 1769
- 1769 – 1819
- 1819 – 1869
- 1869 – 1919
- 1919 – 1969
What will the year 2069 look like? Before we can look forward to the next fifty years we must note the scholars who fearlessly chronicled the lives of a people kidnapped off the continent of Africa to be shipped and taken captive in America: Ivan Van Sertima, John Henrik Clarke, Henry Louis Gates Jr., Joy De Gruy, Isabel Wilkerson, Ida B. Wells, and last but certainly not least Arturo Schomburg. There are many more that we can name. These authors provide a foundation of facts you can compare with in their literary works. Their scholarships raises the bar high against anyone on the topic of slavery in the New World. You will read in their works excellent assessments and details regarding the long-standing effects in the business of slavery.
Slaves were also taken to the Caribbean islands and in places like Suriname, Mauritania, Honduras, Belize, and Brazil. This is not a complete list of all the places the slaves were brought to. The many antagonists that participated in this horror were Portuguese, Dutch, English, French, and Spanish speaking peoples as well as those among Arab groups. Please note that there were various religious, ethnic, and racial groups found in this mix. I include passive participants as well. It was just not one race of people who participated and still participate in enslaving others like and unlike to themselves. The start and end dates of slavery varies around the world. Today, we call this practice human trafficking because it still exists.
My focus is to acknowledge H.R. 1242 – 115th Congress (2017 – 2018) 400 years of African American History Commission Act.
The Roman calendar year 2019, a turning point of history in the United States of America for the descendants of slaves.
Who can forget “Roots,” the movie which aired on the network television station ABC in 1977?
Kunta Kinte, a Mandika warrior the main character and ancestor who influenced future generations.
Regardless, of the fact that Kunta Kinte died a slave, his name lives on in infamy.
Your name and your native land cannot be taken from you forever. Certainly you can be displaced and returned back one day. Many tribes and various groups for thousands of years have migrated or have been forcefully displaced.
The identity of a people will always be tied to the land of their ancestors within their family names in their native tongue left intact.
What was so poignant about Roots was that it renacted the fact that millions like Kunta Kinte not only lost their names but their homelands as well. A people scattered to the four corners of the earth and now part of a diaspora.
Obviously both name and land mass can be lost. From a Scriptural perspective this is only on a temporary basis. It may take a number of multiple generations to receive back your inheritance. From the beginning of mankind’s existence, from a Scriptural reading all groups have a right to land ownership.
Breaking up history into fifty year segments is from a Scriptural precedent. For every fifty years mark, the descendants of the children of Abraham were to claim back their land of inheritance. This is called the year of Jubilee which always occurs on a specific day called The Day of Atonement.
Scripturally, the numerical value of fifty means a year of release, the year you were free to return back to your ancestral lands eventhough they had been previously sold. The number fifty is also associated with a person being chosen or selected for a special purpose.
Again Scripturally, a group of people who are covenant breakers will always find themselves in a position of enslavement. To break covenant is to sin. Sin enslaves. You are not free in a state of sin.
All men and women alive have broken covenant at one time or another in their lives. This covenant breaking in simple terms means to not keep your word about agreeing to set rules and regulations. Those rules and regulations are what we call law in society.
Let’s repeat this point again for emphasis purposes; in Scripture we find a law that for every fifty years the owners of land were to return back to the land of their ancestors even if their land was sold.
When people are not able to return to their land of origin it is because they are under a curse or what we call in society a sentence. Once the sentence is served, the curse is lifted.
I am not making a declaration of any nation coming out of captivity or going into captivity in a certain time or date. We have many people who have proclaimed their personal views of prophetic timetables without an explanation of why events occur when they do. The why is important. Punishments are exacted for lessons to be learned. The whole point of lessons or sentences is to change bad behaviors to better choices or better behaviors. These are concepts that need to be explained as we who are descendants of slaves are living in momentous times. You can gather clues as to why you find yourself in a bad predictament but you must understand the bad choices that you and your ancestors made that put you there. And what actions to take to move out of that bad predictament.
Negro spirituals were passed on from one generation to the next in hope that those who were still slaves would be freed. Learning these songs was the easiest way to strengthen the next generation to the promised deliverance that would come.
Here are excerpts of some of those spirituals:
Wade in the water. Wade in the water children. Wade in the water. Yahs (emphasis mine) gonna trouble the water.
Go down Moses way down in Egypt land. Tell old Pharoah to let my people go.
Swing low, sweet chariot comin’ for to carry me home.
The following passage in Scripture fits only to one particular group of people on the face of this Earth. Who do you know would self-identify with the following passage?
Bereshith (Genesis) 15:12-14 (Scriptures Translation)
12. And it came to be, when the sun was going down, and a deep sleep fell upon Abram, that see, a frightening great darkness fell upon him.
13. And He said to Abram, “know for certain that your seed are to be sojourners in a land that is not theirs and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years.
14. But the nation whom they serve, I am going to judge, and afterward let them come out with great possessions.
These Scriptural citations have nothing to do with religion. Religion simply is a set of beliefs agreed upon by a group of men and women. Many religions take parts of Scripture to manipulate the minds of people at the expense of their well being and mental stability. Disagreements arise among leaders and congregants alike and thereafter many sects arise. Facts of Scripture are ignored, misinterpreted and therefore what is true becomes distorted.
Debarim (Deuteronomy) 29:68 states,
“And Yahuah shall bring you back to Mitsrayim in ships, by a way of which I said to you, “You are never to see it again.” And there you shall be sold to your enemies as male and female slaves, but no one to buy.”
People in cultures with a, “Do as thou wilt,” philosophy or whatever feels right to you do not understand how covenants work. Covenants in Scripture are agreements that are in effect from one generation to the next. In our world we understand agreements can be made that may have an effect on children that one may be responsible for but we know those children are not included in those agreements. Not so with Scripture.
People who identify themselves as being under a covenant or agreement should not follow those who believe they can do what they want. Those who live under their own personal rules, do not understand covenant agreements from a Scriptural perspective. Neither do the descendants of children who break covenants.
Many people whether they are descendants of these covenant breakers or not simply do not understand why covenants are important. It does not help that leaders rise up who use religion for profit at the expense of the masses. These are called false prophets in Scripture. Many of these false prophets are not able to clarify to their followers the terms of what a covenant is.
It is interesting to me that an act was not signed from 1619 – 1865. Yes, there was a proclamation to end slavery in 1865 we all know that. What is so special about 1619 – 2019? Is it because the year 400 is a round number?
To break a curse, a period of time has to elapse. A set period must be served.
We find in the African American (Black community) a declaration of some individuals claiming that they are “woke.”
Like any new catch phrase or slang term, it loses meaning over time. Every day human beings wake up from sleep. There are no deep thought processes when we do.
For one to truly be woke, you have to put in a time of serious self-examination. Not only of yourself, but of your immediate environment, how you were raised, your culture, the society and country you find yourself living in. And yes have some way of finding out who your ancestors were. This takes time and includes alot of study.
In this country, many individuals have the ability to access books where a high level of research has been done on the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. We cannot rely on the internet alone. Reading a book or books about slavery is necessary for one to get a grasp of what really occurred during the days of slavery in the U.S.A. There are very few people alive who can tell you a first hand account of 1865. The best they can do is tell you what was passed down to them by someone who was alive in that period.
Review Scripture for yourself. Think on the adversities of those who came before you. We are the offspring of survivors. Meditate on the information you gather.
Let’s then contemplate on what the next four hundred years will look like.
- 2019 – 2069
- 2069 – 2169
- 2169 – 2219
- 2219 – 2269
- 2269 – 2319
- 2319 – 2369
- 2369 – 2419
Once a curse is reversed and a people keep covenant:
- Their name will be restored back to them.
- They will be returned back to their land.
2019 Happy Jubilee
Let’s see what the next fifty years will bring. What will be written in tomorrow’s history books?
Poem by Langston Hughes, “Puzzled”
So we stand here
On the edge of hell
And look out on the world
What we’re gonna do
In the face of what we remember
And they shall rebuild the old ruins, raise up the former wastes. And they shall restore the ruined cities, the wastes of many generations.
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Forgiveness has been a controversial topic in the media lately. Months before forgiveness made its way onto the headlines, I just happened to be at my local CVS pharmacy and saw the book, “Forgiving What You’ll Never Forget,” by Dr. David Stoop.
Personally, I needed some clarity about forgiveness and that’s why I purchased the book. No one really talks about forgiveness on a regular basis. We tend to expect the topic of forgiveness to be tackled in the pulpit. It also can be too private an issue that we don’t want to reveal about ourselves in terms of how forgiving we are or how much we feel we need to be forgiven.
I’ll like to start my book review by quoting some Scripture in the New King James Version translation. Some quotes will seem to be not connected to the issue at hand and others will be familiar to those in the habit of reading their bibles.
I wanted to be in an objective frame of mind as I was researching my upcoming post on the very notable years of 1619 – 2019, the official date marking 400 years of the Atlantic slave trade from the coast of Africa to America. I thought forgiveness would be a good bridge to cross before I gather my thoughts commemorating the horrors of African American slavery.
You will find a more complete list of how many times the words forgiveness, forgive, forgave is used in Scripture in a Concordance of the Bible. I only quote a few Scriptural references in this post.
All too often, heavy topics like forgiveness cause people to not want to participate in discussions that expose themselves. I am choosing to view Scripture as a more authoritative tool towards gaining clarity on what forgiveness is.
Esther 7:7 NKJV “…but Haman stood before Queen Esther, pleading for his life….”
Mark 11:25-26 NKJV “And whenever you stand praying, if you have anything against anyone, forgive him, that your Father in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses. But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father in heaven forgive your trespasses ”
The prayer of The Messiah found in Mathew 6: – read this verse in the translation of your choice.
Luke 17:3-4 NKJV “Take heed to yourselves, if your brother sins against you; rebuke him, and if he repents, forgive him. And if he sins against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day returns to you, saying, I repent, you shall forgive him.”
Mathew 18:32-34 “…You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you begged me. Should you not also have had compassion on your fellow servant just as I had pity on you?”
These are various scenarios where forgiveness should be granted, forgiveness has been denied, and lastly the hypocrisy of not forgiving.
As you can see this topic on forgiveness is not an easy one. It is more complicated than choosing to forgive or not to forgive.
Forgiveness touches us all whether we admit it or not.
Some of us have observed how easy it is for some children to forgive. And we see that the older we get, the harder it is for us to forgive.
We don’t know how to forgive. Those who were our guardians and parents at times found it hard to teach us how to forgive. It’s a struggle we all face.
Forgiveness is a multi-layered action. It can involve a simple first step of choosing to forgive and gut wrenching internal steps utilizing your mind and heart.
The book, “Forgiving What You’ll Never Forget,” helps you to navigate your options towards how you should go about forgiving. Forgiveness is a communication skill that can be learned.
What caught my attention regarding the title of Dr. Stoop’s book is the fact that there are crimes, insults, events on an individual and national level that are hard to forget due to the level of trauma inflicted on a physical and emotional level. Extreme pain that takes time to recover from.
We find in the news one tragedy after another reported. How do we heal in a culture where we are bombarded by crisis after crisis? When we report to our jobs on a daily basis, the most plugged in of our co-workers is the one who can inform the rest of group the surprising details of the unthinkable. Our minds need a rest from all the madness.
Dr. David Stoop’s is a tiny book but a slow read. Forgiveness cannot be rushed. On page 157, Dr. Stoop states, “a “too quick” forgiveness doesn’t help the healing process.”
On review of the quoted Scriptural references, we find Haman not shown mercy or forgiveness. We find no remorseful statements by Haman, he just wants to save his own skin even though he planned genocide for hire. If you read the book of Esther you’ll find this to be detailed in the story. In contrast, the last Scriptural quote emphasizes that we ought to show pity and compassion especially when pity and compassion have been shown to us.
Forgiveness can be withdrawn and forgiveness can be demanded of us.
The media is notorious for instigating controversy where resolution is needed. Forgiveness creates alot of emotion within our thought processes.
Page 103 of Dr.Stoop’s book states, “…if we try to forgive without experiencing anger, we are not really forgiving; we are merely trying to excuse the behavor.” This statement in Dr. Stoop’s book helped cleared up for me what healthy forgiveness looks like in the person doing the forgiving. This would obviously be an internal process before one can proceed with external forgiveness.
Parents or guardians of children understand the childrearing principle that the more bad behaviors are excused, the worst bad behaviors will become. All of us learn to avoid bad choices from the consequences we suffer from the bad choices we make.
Reading Dr. Stoop’s book helped me to gain a right perspective of what forgiveness is. I was challenged to think on a deeper level than I thought possible.
On page 25 Dr. Stoop quotes Thomas Szasz, MD,
“The stupid neither forgive nor forget; the naive forgive and forget, the wise forgive but do not forget.”
This prompted me to contrast the statement of the Creator I believe in who desires to forgive. I also know that this same Creator will punish us when we sin. Nevertheless, to those who believe in a Creator know that this same Creator forgives in a more profound way than any human can. This Scriptural reference below from the book of Psalms details how complete that forgiveness from a Creator is.
Psalms 103:12 NKJV “…As far as the east is from the west, so far has He removed our transgressions from us.”
Pick up the book “Forgiving What You’ll Never Forget,” by Dr. David Stoop. This book will assist you into a deeper study of what forgiveness is and how necessary it is to our health.
We all need to be forgiven and we all must learn how to forgive.